Transport

In the period of independence economic infrastructure, including transport, one of the major determining factors in economic enhancement continued to develop in the Republic of Tajikistan, along with improved living standards and reducing poverty in the country.

           The development of the transport sector will contribute to the support of both domestic and foreign trade, which is one of the main tasks of economic relations, entrepreneurship and international transit.
In turn, the main task of the leadership and the government since the early years of independence was the transformation of Tajikistan to a transit country in the concept of the Silk Road Project. "Strategy of Tajikistan's overcoming the communication impasse" was contained in annual address of the President of the Republic of Tajikistan to the Majlisi Oli - the Parliament of the republic in 2010.
The strategy includes two main areas:
            The first - the creation of  an integrated transport network in the country and its connection with international transport roads.
             Second - accession of the Republic of Tajikistan to the international conventions and agreements on transport relationships. Analyses show that an increase in public investment by loans under the program of development of transport communications (average annual growth from 2005 to 2011 is 14,5%) is the growth of direct investment from the budget taking into account the growth in gross domestic product.
               The strategy of the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan is the transport deadlock construction and rehabilitation of some road sections, for example, highway Kulob-Khorog - Kulma - Karokurum (Shohon-Zigar and Shkev-Zigar), Dushanbe - Kurgan-Tube - Kulob and opening of new tunnels Ozodi and Istiklol, road Dushanbe - Chanoқ, Vahdat - Chirgatol - Saritosh (the border of Kyrgyzstan) and the completion of the tunnel Shahriston.
It should be noted that the railroad Kurgan-Tube - Kulob, a number of international highways, tunnels and bridges have been internationally commissioned, and therefore Tajikistan has become one of the corridors of regional importance, linked with neighbouring countries in four directions.
              Only in the last ten years, beginning from 2000, with the assistance of foreign loans and grants have been completed or are nearing completion of more than 20 small and large projects. In the end, delivered or prepared to surrender more than 1,580 km of highway, which has national significance, 20 bridges with total length of 7,704 meters and 21 km. of avalanche-resistant tunnels and roads.
For these projects through loans and grants investments totaling $ 947 million have been directed and to date 11 properties amounting 757 million USD preparing to surrender.
Rehabilitation and construction of the road Dushanbe - Tursunzoda, Kulob - Kalaikhum, construction of tunnels of Shahriston and Chormagzak relate to projects that should be realized soon.
               The Republic of Tajikistan is a country with a future transit opportunities associated with international transport corridors, such as EurAsEC, TRACECA, CAREC, the European Union, in which Tajikistan is willing to continue history attitude as the reliable delivery of transit funds.

Motor transport -- Transport is an integral part of economy and plays an exclusively important role. It can be considered as the main element of the production infrastructure. Its special role can be explained by the mountain landscape dominating in the Republic and by the significant distance from central countries. For its short history the Republic of Tajikistan has turned from the country with caravan roads into the country with modern mass land and air transportation.

         The length of roads of the general usage being on the balance of the Ministry of transport and communication is 13803 km, of which: 3887 km with asphaltic concrete pavement; 2618 km with gravel surface; 1096 km are earth roads. The total number of bridges is 2157 with the total length of 37139,5 m. 4878 km of all the network of automobile roads are of republican importance and 8925 km are of the local importance.

Railway Transport -- Railway transport has a strategic importance, as international transportations are mainly implemented with its help. Tajik railway consists of three sections, having no connection to each other. Communication between them is carried out via railway network of Uzbekistan and Turkmenistan. The total length of the railway network is 9507 km, the total amount of transportations for 2006 is 13938,6 thousand of tons.

The main part of these ways is situated in the southern part of the country. It connects the capital of the Republic with industrial zones of Hissar and Vakhsh valleys and with extern world. In 1999 the construction of the railway Kurgan-Tube-Kulob was completed.

The trains go regulary according their routes: Dushanbe - Moscow, Kulob-Moscow, Khudjand-Saratov, Dushanbe-Kanibadam and Kurgan-Tube-Kanibadam.

The main share of all international cargo transportations fall for railway transportation.

 In the field of civil aviation active work is being conducted to improve service and enhance the role of local carriers in the international market: there are all prerequisites for work in this direction.
              Local carriers of Tajikistan - Tajik Air - http://www.tajikair.tj/, Somon Air - http://www.somonair.com/, East Air - http://www.eastair.tj. Tajikistan carriers operate regular flights to over 20 destinations in 9 countries and abroad and increase the number of directions each time. Local carriers are able to perform regular flights to 73 destinations, including eight intra-lines. At this time, 116 flights function a week, 61 - intra. Moreover, 19 foreign airlines from 22 cities abroad operate 55 flights a week in Tajikistan.

Airway Transport -- Air transportation is of principal importance for the Republic of Tajikistan, which has no direct connection with the sea and well-developed network of motorways. Today, it is precisely the aviation that is sort of a “bridge” connecting the country with the outside world. Transportation by air is carried out by the State Unitary Air Enterprise “Tajik Air”.

Today the Air Companies undertakes regular flights to Moscow, Novosibirsk, Samara, Yekaterinburg, St. Petersburg,  Volgograd, Almaty, Bishkek, Munich, Istanbul, Sharja, Urumchi, Tehran,  and  local places: Khudjand, Khorog, Garm and Kulob.

Offices of the SUAE “Tajik Air” abroad:

Tehran, tel./fax : (9821) 66571082, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

Moscow, tel.: (095) 3209558, fax: (095) 3209558,

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Novosibirsk, tel.: (3832) 200924, 200921, fax: (3832) 200925,

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Ekaterinburg, tel.: (343) 2642062, fax: (343) 2642063.

Almaty, tel.: (7 3272) 572158, fax: (7 3272) 571155, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

Bishkek, tel.: (996312) 664799, fax: (996312) 661011, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

Munich, tel.: tel.: (4989) 97594210, факс: (4989) 97594216, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

Istambul, tel.:(90212)6384281, fax: (90212), E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

Sharja, tel.: (9716)568042, fax: (9716)5686043, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. 

Delhi, tel.: (9111) 51660387, fax: (9111)51660387,

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Urumchi, tel.: (86991) 2552846, E-mail: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.